Every human being is different from the other one. Similarly, every student is different from the others. Every class has numerous students, but all have different qualities and abilities and are of a different calibre. That is why some students are high scorers in the exams while others are slow learners or face difficulty learning or gaining marks. But as the classroom is one unit, it is very important to take all the students together in the learning process because all the students are there to learn in such circumstances; response to intervention, also known as RIT, helps.
What is Response to Intervention (RIT)?
Response to intervention is an approach that helps the teacher identify the students who need special help and attention for academics at the initial stage. Along with the identification, it also supports those students to move along with the rest of the students in the classroom. The main objective and aim behind the response to intervention are to provide support and help to the student at the right time and before things go out of the hands of the teacher.
How does Response to Intervention (RIT) work?
In the process of RIT, the instructor or teacher assesses the students in the classroom and their learning skills. The observation or assessment of response to intervention could be done through any activity or work in which students of the whole class are included, or they can be divided into small groups for different tasks or activities. The performance and response of the students could help the teacher or response to the intervention team of the school to decide who needs extra attention, care and support from the teacher.
Compared to traditional classes, it isn’t easy to find these students during online classes because, firstly, all the students and teachers are not under one roof, so they cannot communicate as efficiently as they usually do. Secondly, students are very smart now. Those students who find it difficult to study and perform in class take help from online services. At the same time, it is quite impossible in a traditional classroom.
Three tiers of Response to Intervention (RIT):
There are three tiers of RTI.
Tier # 1:
The first tier includes the whole classroom as the initial tier, so students are not given attention or focus individually but as a whole. It depends upon the teacher what work they give to the students and in which manner. But the teacher makes them understand everything best as per their level and skills.
The teacher and RIT team of the school assess and observe the student’s progress based on their homework, exams, class test and other common parameters for judging the progress and performance of the students. Based on the results of these measures, those students who are found struggling with their studies are moved to the second tier of the response to intervention.
Tier # 2:
If the students cannot progress in tier one, they become part of tier two. In the second tier, students learn every lesson in small groups. They get to learn about the lesson two or three times every week. The strategies and approaches used during the intervention are proven by research. This distinctive and particular teaching help of the teacher in the world of educators is an intervention.
The students who are part of the second tier do not mean that they will not attend the regular classes that are tier one of response to intervention. Along with that special teaching, they will attend regular classes with the other students. Upon the students’ progress in the tier, the teacher will decide to either send them back to the first tier, keep them in the second tier, or move them to the third tier.
Tier # 3:
The third tier of response to intervention is very intense. The student who find the support provided in tiers one and two unhelpful are part of tier three. Here the students learn either in small groups or individually. They get individual help and support from the teacher. They have all the attention and focus of the school RTI (response to intervention) team and teacher. Everyone keeps an eagle eye on the progress and performance of these students.
Students of the third tier still have to spend time in the classroom with the other students of tier one, but they also have to spend a major chunk of their school time in the learning resource room. With every possible effort, teachers try to remove students from the third tier as these students are at risk.
Benefits of Response to Intervention (RIT):
Response to intervention brings many benefits that save academic life from becoming trauma for students. Here are some of the major benefits of response to intervention.
Timely help for students:
When the response to intervention is not part of the school or classroom, students who are slow learners or have difficulties learning and understanding the lesson are always left behind. Even a time came when they were labelled as low-performing students, and teachers, instead of giving them extra attention and care, started ignoring them by saying that they could not do anything, so there was no need to waste time on them.
But because of RTI, the picture is completely changed. Students are not left behind alone because of their learning skills, even if they get support, help and extra time from the teacher. This saves students and parents also from uncertain and dangerous circumstances.
Response to intervention is an approach that is easily applicable, objective and has a statistical method. The teacher can easily identify the students through this method without any difficulty. Everything is planned in the best manner. Even it is equally beneficial for students of all ages and levels. So, RIT benefits students from early classes to higher education.