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An Introduction to Sewing Machines and Its Types

If you have just bought your first sewing machine, you might be wondering what to do first. There is plenty of information to help you get started. In this article, we’ll explore the Stitch-type knob, Back-heel, Feeding mechanism, and the Right-side and Wrong-side of fabric.

Stitch-type knob on sewing machine

A small sewing machines Stitch-type knob is used to select a stitch. This knob is located on right side of sewing machine. It can either be turned up or down to select a particular stitch. On some machines, the dial will also have a small light that will illuminate the sewing area so you can see small details.

The top of the Stitch-type knob is usually located close to the spool holder and the top thread guide. This guide helps guide thread into the needle area. Sewing machines also have a bobbin winding spindle.


It is important to ensure that your machine’s Back-heel can handle thick materials when sewing. If you are sewing leather shoes, for example, you will need to test the machine’s ability to handle thicker materials first. To do this, first place the lining and outer fabric, right sides together. You should leave about three to four inches between the top and bottom.

The operator must perform the back-heel manually when the Sewing Master machine is at high speed. This is a crucial step, because it triggers the synchronisation mechanism. Once the operator performs the back-heel, the machine will perform a back-tack operation and raise the needle to cut the thread. While the operation takes only a fraction of a second, it is essential that the operator not accidentally trigger the back-heel.

Feeding mechanism

The feeding mechanism of a sewing machine allows it to move fabric through it. The fabric is moved through the machine through slits in the throat plate and engages with a serrated feed dog that guides the fabric forward and down. The feeding mechanism is controlled by the presser foot which lowers and raises the feed dog. There are many types of feed dogs. Some dogs have teeth while others don’t.

The drop feed mechanism and puller feed mechanisms are the most popular feed mechanisms for sewing machines. Each mechanism has its own advantages. A drop feed mechanism allows fabric to pass through the feeder dog, while a puller feed mechanism uses an specialized roller to pull the fabric. This roller is faster than a drop feed and is ideal for sewing multiple-needle garments or waistbands.

Fabric can be flipped right-side or wrong-side.

Sewing is easier if you know the difference between right-side and wrong-side of fabric. While it is tempting to sew on the right side, some fabrics have different properties. Some have a visible print or texture on one side, while others are smooth and uniform. In these cases, it is important to use the right-side of the fabric. The selvage is the finished edge of a fabric. It usually has a few small holes made by pins used to hold it during its manufacture in textile factories. The right-side has clean, even holes.

Identifying the right-side of fabric can be difficult, especially if you are working with small pieces. If you are unsure, pull at the upper left corner or lower right corner to check the fabric. If the fabric has a colored pattern, the upper right corner will curl inward.

Basic stitches

There are many different stitching options on a modern sewing machine, but there are 10 basic stitches that are essential for a wide variety of home decor and garment construction projects. You may need to use multiple types of stitches depending on the project or fabric, but having a basic understanding will help you complete any project. Most sewing machines come with a presser foot, which will allow you to do most of these stitches easily.

Straight stitches are the most common stitch on a sew machine. Straight stitches are widely used and can be used for virtually any type of project. To sew elastic or hem stretchy fabrics, you can also use zig-zag stitch.

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